exploring the first 13 amendments to the Constitution through content, structure, and binding
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
The judicialicial power of the United States shall not be construed to exteto extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another state, or by Citizens or Subjor Subjects of any Foreign State.
The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;
The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;
The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote;
a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.
The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The found piece of metal used for the cover of this book set the trajectory of the piece…
The rich pastel of a velvety moonlit night, punctuated by silver crescendos of song…
The cratered moon, [providing earthly refuge for lovers…
The horrific reality of human trafficking in our backyards, hiding in the dark.
Will glow in the dark.
Mixed Media; 8.5”H x 19.5”W x 1.25”D
Purchased by the Cincinnati Public Library for their Permanent Artist Book Collection
‘Ruins of the Temple of Justice-Pompeii’ by Curtis Gates Lloyd, courtesy of the Lloyd Library and Museum.
How is it possible that the wealthiest, most powerful nation on earth allowed the water system for an entire city to be poisoned? Like this……
This piece was inspired by a photograph in the archives of the Lloyd Library and Museum, taken by Curtis Gates Lloyd.
Mixed Media; 49”H x 108”W x 20”D
This nest, which has a condom wrapper woven into it, inspired a brief exploration of our right to build the life each of us wants for ourselves.
Bound onto a length of pier, this work explores all the futures that my grandmother, and immigrants from the world over, could have chosen. Text on the layers of ship sails carry the destinations of her extended family, blood and landsmen alike: England, Rhodesia, Shanghai, Buenos Ares, Mexico City…and on…and on... and on the top layers, the preamble to the Constitution of the USA – the ideals that called my grandmother to Ellis Island.
Ida martin, first known resident of what is now known as the Mount Adams neighborhood of Cincinnati, lived in the hollow of a sycamore and earned her living tending to the laundry - and more? – of the soldiers at Fort Washington, located in present-day downtown. Tree bark, handmade paper with natural inclusions, water color paper, water color, fabric, verse text, blanket stitch binding. Exhibited in Cincinnati City Hall
This piece is part of my ‘Home” series, in which I discuss the meaning of home with different people and create artist books based on those discussions.'Home - Michael’ explains the feelings of a friend who was, unbeknownst to me, homeless. Tar Paper pages hinged with Tyvek. ‘Home - Michael’ was purchased by the Cincinnati Public Library for their Permanent Artist Book Collection.